Google is planning to develop a huge underwater cable to connect the United States, the United Kingdom, and Spain. The innovation will enhance the internet connectivity of the countries.

The tech giant announced that it will be incorporating new technology into the cable, claiming it is a significant upgrade on its older existing underwater cables. Google expects that the project will be finished by 2022.

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According to BBC's latest report, the company calculated that underwater data cable carries some 98% of the world's data, making it vital to global communications infrastructure. Communications firms are usually the ones that build the cables and then charging other companies to use them.

Grace Hopper, Google's latest cable, was named after an American computer scientist and naval rear admiral. It will be the tech giant's fourth privately owned undersea cable, which will hit the U.K. at Bude in Cornwall.

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Engadget reported that Grace Hopper is specifically designed to support Google Cloud in Spain and to improve the internet connectivity between Europ and the U.S. The huge underwater cable consist of 32 fibers packing optical fiber.

How underwater cables were established

In 1858, the first transatlantic telecommunications cable was built to connect the U.S. and Ireland by telegraph. The demand for communication and entertainment is supported by around 750,000 miles of cable already running between continents.

The cables were designed to withstand major hazards, heavy underwater currents, and earthquakes. It can also love up to 25 years.

Jayne Stowell, who oversees construction of Google's undersea cable projects, said that some of the undersea cables are going out of service, forcing companies to built newer, better, and more sophisticated transatlantic cables.

"It served its need and purpose at the time, but it's old generation," she added.

Ms. Stowell also said that Google doesn't have any underwater cable in mainland China since the state does not permit its services. She also said that Google currently has no plans for building one on China.

"We understand, being an American company, and understand the legalities of what we must abide by," she explained. Stowell said that there is a growing fear that the world's internet networks will be controlled by China and the West.
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Written by: Giuliano de Leon.

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