2021 has seen a surge in malware attacks against governments and companies, including ransomware and spyware attacks. It is, therefore, important to keep yourself educated about the different kinds of malware that compromise you and your safety online.
One of the most notorious examples of malicious software is the Trojan. In this Tech Times article, we will tell you more about the Trojan, otherwise known as the Trojan horse, as well as its many different types that you should be on the lookout for.
What is a Trojan?
The Trojan or Trojan horse has been defined by Norton as "a type of malicious code or software that looks legitimate but can take control of your computer."
This malware "is designed to damage, disrupt, steal, or in general inflict some other harmful action on your data or network," added Norton. It often masquerades as a legitimate program or file that can trick users into installing them.
While the Trojan is often referred to as a virus, Norton clarifies that it is actually a misnomer. Trojan cannot execute and replicate itself the way a virus can.
Types of Trojan Malware
According to Kaspersky, these are some of the many types of Trojan that you should be aware and wary of:
Backdoor Trojans - Kaspersky refers to this type of Trojan as "one of the simplest but potentially most dangerous types of Trojan." What makes it one of the most dangerous is that it can load many kinds of malware into your device or simply make it vulnerable to future attacks.
Banking Trojans - Considered as one of the most widespread Trojans, Banking Trojans are meant to gain access credentials to the victim's bank accounts. In order to do so, creators of such malware resort to phishing techniques, such as fake pages that will ask the victim to enter their credentials.
Fake Antivirus Trojans - This type of Trojan tricks users into buying fake antivirus software after claiming to have found a virus in the user's device. The payment data of the user is then transferred to the source of the malware for future use.
Rootkit - A Rootkit is a type of Trojan that prevents you from detecting malicious programs in your device.
Trojan-GameThief - As its name suggests, gamers are the ones most vulnerable to this type of Trojan, which steals their account information.
Trojan-Ransom - Better known as Ransomware, this type of Trojan can modify a device so that you cannot access either the device or a specific data it contains. The victim will only gain access once a ransom is paid to the hackers.
Trojan-Spy - Otherwise known as Spyware, Trojan-Spy gives the hacker an idea of how you use your device.
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Written by Isabella James