Public health experts are issuing warnings for people to stay indoors as a brutal heat wave is still occurring and expected to last until the fourth of July. They are also informing people of what signs to be aware of which could lead to a person developing heat cramps, heat exhaustion or a heat stroke.

Heat Wave

According to the National Weather Service, the Central and Eastern regions of the United States will have to deal with hot and humid temperatures until July 4. It has also stated that over 100 people die each year from the heat. Over the weekend, it reached record-breaking temperatures, which prompted public health officials to issue warnings and advise people to stay indoors for their safety.

Health Commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett said that the brutal heat the United States has been experiencing can lead to severe illness and even death. Dr. Bassett advised using air conditioner when possible.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention gave a few tips on how to spot and treat illness related to the scorching heat.

Heat Cramps, Heat Exhaustion, And Heat Stroke

One of the most common mild heat-related problems is painful muscle cramps. Those who work out during the hot weather should be on alert for pain or spasms in the legs, flushed skin, or excessive sweating. The CDC recommends stopping any physical activity immediately and hydrating themselves if a person experiences these symptoms.

Heat exhaustion, which is more severe than muscle cramps, can occur when the temperature is severely high and there is a mixture of physical activity and humidity. Several symptoms of heat exhaustion include fatigue, headache, clammy skin, and dizziness. The CDC suggests taking a cold bath or drinking water if a person is experiencing heat exhaustion. If the symptoms get worse and the person started to vomit, the CDC urges to seek medical help.

A heat stroke could damage the brain, organs, or muscle. A person can also die from it if they do not seek medical help. Heat stroke occurs when the body is unable to keep itself cool and reaches 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Heat stroke can be prevented by wearing loose-fitted clothing, staying hydrated, and staying indoors during extremely hot weather.

Children and adults have a greater risk of developing these conditions due to nervous system being less able to deal with changes in body temperature.

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