If you have an electric vehicle, you might find it annoying since you have to wait for a long time until it is completely recharged, unlike other normal cars, which only takes a short period to refuel.
Right now, engineers are trying to solve this problem. They claim that black phosphorus can make EV's recharging time as fast as refueling. According to Ars Technica's latest report, the substance's structure naturally creates channels to easily let lithium in.
Although black phosphorus is not a great material for batteries, researchers from China and the United States figured out how to manipulate the black substance so it'll work.
What researchers claim
According to the Independent's previous report, researchers from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) said that the battery breakthrough could provide EVs with 500km of range from just 10 minutes of recharging.
"The combination of high energy, high [charging] rate, and long cycle life is the holy grail of battery research, which is determined by one of the key components of the battery: the electrode materials," said Hengxing Ji, a USTC professor, according to Independent.
"We aim to search for an electrode material that can make a dent in performance metrics from laboratory research and can hold the promise to stand with the industrial production techniques and requirements," he added.
Black Phosphorus is the key
The researchers explained that superfast recharging time is achievable if black phosphorus and graphite are combined. Why? Because the two materials can radically speed up the transfer of energy to lithium-ion batteries.
Sen Xin, a professor from the Institute of Chemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that the combined material restored 80% of its full capacity in less than 10 minutes. The combination also shows a 2000-cycle operation life at room temperature.
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Written by: Giuliano de Leon.