A new type of coronavirus is recently found by experts inside swine pigs. The virus, called SADS-CoV-2, belongs to the family of strain of SARS-CoV-2, causing the COVID-19. Researchers claim that this virus has the possiblity to infect humans, just like the ongoing coronavirus.
What is a SADS-CoV-2?
New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill claims they found a new type of coronavirus that may harm humans in the future.
SADS-CoV-2, or formally known as Swine Acute Diarrhea Syndrome Coronavirus, was first seen in China in 2016, emerging from bats and infecting swine herds in the country.
According to study via Daily Mail UK, the same virus was found in pigs via lab tests. It was first thought that swine coronavirus cannot infect humans. However, a recent research published in PNAS on Oct. 12, says otherwise.
SADS-CoV-2 in pigs claims to infect and replicate itself within human airway, liver and intestinal cells. Unlike SARS-CoV-2, this coronavirus targets intestinal cells, rather than human lungs.
To make it worse, findings also suggest, humans have not acquired the cross-protective herd immunity that can prevent humans from contracting these types of coronaviruses from animal populations.
The only difference, SADS-CoV-2 has a different gene called "alphacoronavirus," while SARS-CoV-2 is a "betacoronavirus."
"While many investigators focus on the emergent potential of the betacoronaviruses like SARS and MERS, actually the alphacoronaviruses may prove equally prominent -- if not greater -- concerns to human health, given their potential to rapidly jump between species," said Ralph Baric, professor of epidemiology at UNC-Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health.
Remdesivir could be the vaccine?
Compared to SARS-CoV-2, researcher notes that COVID-19 vaccine drug Remdesivir could actually be the vaccine against SADS-CoV-2, once a human "spillover" may happen.
However, further tests are still required to make this into conclusion.
"We recommend that both swine workers and the swine population be continually monitored for indications of SADS-CoV infections to prevent outbreaks and massive economic losses," said Professor Baric. "Not surprisingly, we are currently looking for partners to investigate the potential of SADS-CoV vaccine candidates to protect swine."
This article is owned by Tech Times
Written by Jamie Pancho